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Ear Infections and your Child

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Ear Infections

 

 

 

 

 ear infection

 

 

 

 

What is an Ear Infection?

 

 

Ear Infection or Otitis are common health problems for young children. They cause pain and distress to children; may affect their hearing and can wake them up at night. Ear infections can be caused by bacteria or viruses, and often appear after a cold. This is because the tubes between the ear and throat are much smaller in young children, which makes it easier for germs to travel from the throat or nose to the ear (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012). The most common age for middle ear infections is between 6 months and 2 years.

 

Most ear infections in children involve the middle ear or outer ear. Middle ear infections (also know as otitis media) occurs on the inside of the eardrum. Because this is a small space, infection puts pressure on the eardrum, causing pain. Outer ear infections occur on the outside of the eardrum or ear canal and are associated with swimming (Donaldson, 2013).

 

How does Ear Infections spread?

 

Ear infections rarely spread from person to person.

 

Incubation Period

 

The incubation period is usually 1-3 days.

 

 

Infectious Period

 

Ear infections are not infectious (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012).

 

Treatment

 

Antibiotics are usually prescribed for children with middle ear or outer ear infections. Paracetamol is also recommended to help relieve pain (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

 National Health and Medical Research Council (2012). Staying Healthy: Preventing diseases in early childhood education and care services 5th Edn. NHMRC, Canberra

 

Donaldson, J.D. Acute Otitis Media. Medscape. Retrieved 17 March 2013.

Read 2753 times Last modified on Friday, 07 March 2014 03:53

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