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Bronchitis

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Bronchitis

 

 

 

 

                                                                 bronchitis1


What is Bronchitis?

  

Bronchitis is a chest infection caused by a virus. The virus makes the lining of the trachea and bronchi (the tubes leading From the throat to the lungs) inflamed and swollen, and more mucus is produced than normal (picture above). This causes a cough and sometimes pain in the throat or upper chest. Bronchitis is usually a mild illness in children (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012).

 

The symptoms of Bronchitis begin like a cold with a runny nose, sore throat and a cough. The cough is dry at first, and then becomes moist after a few days. Your child may have a slight wheeze and shortness of breath (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012).

 

How Does Bronchitis Spread?

 

Bronchitis spreads by mouth-to-mouth contact and airborne droplets. It can also spread indirectly by contact with surfaces that have been contaminated by infectious airborne droplets (e.g. hands, tissues, toys and eating utensils).

 

Incubation Period

 

The incubation period is usually 1-3 days (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2010).

 

Infectious Period

 

People are infectious just before symptoms begin and during the active stages of the disease (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012).

 

Treatment

 

Bronchitis in children is caused by a virus which means that antibiotics will not help the child get better. The best treatment for mild cases of Bronchitis is bed rest in a warm environment for a few days. Cough medicines may also help relieve symptoms. Warming the chest with a hot water bottle filled with warm (not hot) water may also relieve the symptoms (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012).

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

 

National Health and Medical Research Council (2010). Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare, NHMRC, Canberra.

 

National Health and Medical Research Council (2012). Staying Healthy: Preventing diseases in early childhood education and care services 5th Edn. NHMRC, Canberra.

Read 3306 times Last modified on Friday, 07 March 2014 03:56

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